Statistical model could predict future disease outbreaks

Researchers have created a statistical method that may allow public health and infectious disease forecasters to better predict disease reemergence, especially for preventable childhood infections such as measles and pertussis. Read More

Re-designing hydrogenases

Chemists have synthesized the first ever functional non-native metal hydrogenase. Read More

Original kilogram replaced — new International System of Units (SI) entered into force

In addition to other scientific units, the kilogram also is now defined by a natural constant. This is made possible by single crystals grown from highly enriched silicon-28. Read More

How usable is virtual reality?

Virtual reality is taking over ever more areas of our lives, so it is important that virtual worlds offer high usability. Until now, the only way to check was to conduct tests with volunteers — time-consuming and cost-intensive. A new technology automatically detects many problems with user-friendliness and usability in…

Predicting properties of composite materials

Can the properties of composite materials be predicted? Scientists have mastered this feat and thus can help achieve research objectives faster. This leads, for instance, to better recycling techniques and electrically conductive synthetic materials for the solar industry. Read More

New framework improves performance of deep neural networks

Researchers have developed a new framework for building deep neural networks via grammar-guided network generators. In experimental testing, the new networks — called AOGNets — have outperformed existing state-of-the-art frameworks, including the widely used ResNet and DenseNet systems, in visual recognition tasks. Read More

After GWAS studies, how to narrow the search for genes?

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) often turn up a long list of genes that MIGHT help cause the trait of interest. Many algorithms can help scientists prioritize which genes to pursue further, but which one to choose? Borrowing from machine learning, and singling out one chromosome at a time, a new…

Cancer: Using 3D to test personalized treatments in five days

Researchers have devised a cell co-culture platform that reproduces a patient’s tumor structure in 3D. The scientists can use it to test several drugs or their combinations at different stages of the tumor’s development. They now need only five days to identify which treatment will be most effective for a…

Formation of the moon brought water to Earth

Earth has a large amount of water and a relatively large moon, which stabilizes Earth’s axis. Both are essential for life to develop on our planet. Scientists have now been able to show that water came to Earth with the formation of the moon. Read More

Bring on faster Internet: Device packs more into optical fiber

A research team has developed a light beam device that could lead to faster Internet, clearer images of space and more detailed medical imaging. Read More